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Orient Steam Navigation Company Limited (Orient Line), 1879-1909

Baggage Label - Orient Line, circa 1950s

Image: Baggage Label - Orient Line, circa 1950s

Source: Museum Victoria

The Company

The Orient Steam and Navigation Company, commonly referred to as the Orient Line, was a British shipping company operating high-quality passenger liners between the United Kingdom and Australia and was a pioneer of recreational cruising. The company was formally established in 1878 and was jointly managed by Anderson, Anderson & Company and F Green & Company, two London based firms. The company partnered first with the Pacific Steam Navigation Company of Liverpool and then with the Royal Mail Company, sharing a contract for coordinated mail and passenger service with ships of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O) fleet.

At the end of 1918, P&O acquired a controlling interest in the Orient Steam and Navigation Company. The following year, the two management firms merged into a private limited company, Anderson, Green & Company Ltd. In 1960, the balance of the Orient shares was acquired by P&O, and new companies were arranged using the P&O/Orient Lines name to run the combined services and mange the ships of the two companies. This arrangement lasted until 1966, at which time the Orient Line was completely absorbed into P&O. The Orient Steam Navigation Company continued to be used on paper as a company of registry for some of P&O?s bulk and gas carriers through the early 1980s. The company was discontinued in 1998.

Ships

The Orient
When it was launched, the Orient was the largest steamship yet built for Australian migration trade. It offered unprecedented creature comforts, including a promenade deck, refrigeration and, later, electric lighting. The Orient originally carried an auxiliary sailing rig, but became completely steam powered in later years. On its maiden voyage between Adelaide via the Cape of Good Hope, the Orient set a new record, taking just under 38 days. Remaining in service on the Australian run for 30 years, the Orient was one of the longest-serving steamships of the era.

The Osterley
RMS Osterley was a quadruple-expansion steam engine passenger vessel built by the London & Glasgow Shipbuilding Co. in 1909. It was operated by the Orient Steam Navigation Co. Ltd on the United Kingdom to Australia service. This ship made 59 return voyages and was broken up in 1930. During the First World War the Osterley was used as a troopship by the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) as HMAT Osterley.

References

P&O Heritage n.d., ?Orient Steam Navigation Company? in Shipping Companies, accessed 23 May 2012, .

Items per page: 10 50 (showing 41 - 50) 138 items

  • Leaflet - 'Suez Canal - Port Said', Orient Line, 1955 Document

    Leaflet - 'Suez Canal - Port Said', Orient Line, 1955

    Port of Call information about the Suez Canal and Port Said, issued by the Orient Line. It was given to Percival Alfred (Pat) Thomas on the SS Orontes, in 1955. Pat migrated to Australi ...

    Images: 2
  • Leaflet - 'Gibraltar', Orient Line, 1955 Document

    Leaflet - 'Gibraltar', Orient Line, 1955

    Leaflet with port of call information for Gibraltar, issued by the Orient Line. It notes that the Orontes is expected to arrive in Gibraltar on 4 June 1955. It was given to Percival Alf ...

    Images: 2
  • Leaflet - 'Naples', Orient Line, 1955 Document

    Leaflet - 'Naples', Orient Line, 1955

    Port of Call information about Naples, issued by the Orient Line. It notes that the Orontes is expected to arrive in Naples on 6 June 1955. It was given to Percival Alfred (Pat) Thomas ...

    Images: 2
  • Leaflet - 'Aden', Orient Line, 1955 Document

    Leaflet - 'Aden', Orient Line, 1955

    Leaflet with port of call information for Aden, issued by the Orient Line. It notes that the Orontes is expected to arrive in Aden on 13 June 1955. It was given to Percival Alfred (Pat) ...

    Images: 2
  • Leaflet - 'Colombo', Orient Line, 1955 Document

    Leaflet - 'Colombo', Orient Line, 1955

    Leaflet with port of call information for Colombo, issued by the Orient Line. It notes that the Orontes is expected to arrive in Colombo on 19 June 1955. It was given to Percival Alfred ...

    Images: 3
  • Leaflet - 'Fremantle', Orient Line, 1955 Document

    Leaflet - 'Fremantle', Orient Line, 1955

    Leaflet with port of call information for Fremantle, issued by the Orient Line. It notes that the Orontes is expected to arrive in Fremantle on 27 June 1955. It was given to Percival Al ...

    Images: 3
  • Leaflet - 'Adelaide', Orient Line, 1955 Document

    Leaflet - 'Adelaide', Orient Line, 1955

    Port of Call information about Adelaide, issued by the Orient Line. It notes that the Orontes is expected to arrive in Adelaide on 1 July 1955. It was given to Percival Alfred (Pat) Tho ...

    Images: 2
  • Leaflet - 'Melbourne', Orient Line, 1955 Document

    Leaflet - 'Melbourne', Orient Line, 1955

    Leaflet with port of call information for Melbourne, issued by the Orient Line. It notes that the Orontes is expected to arrive in Melbourne on 3 July 1955. It was given to Percival Alf ...

    Images: 2
  • Menu - Orient Line, SS Orontes, Dinner, 'At the Equator', 20 Jun 1955 Document

    Menu - Orient Line, SS Orontes, Dinner, 'At the Equator', 20 Jun 1955

    'At the Equator' Dinner Menu for the Orient Line ship SS Orontes on the 20 June 1955. It was used by Percival Alfred (Pat) Thomas. Pat migrated to Australia in 1955, on the voyage he st ...

    Images: 2
  • Menu - RMS Ormonde, Orient Line, Breakfast, Lunchon & Dinner,  24 Dec 1948 Document

    Menu - RMS Ormonde, Orient Line, Breakfast, Lunchon & Dinner, 24 Dec 1948

    Breakfast, Lunchon and Dinner Menu for the Orient Line Ship RMS Ormonde on 24 December 1948. It was used by the Wingad family, Charles and Florance and their daughters Brenda and Averil ...

    Images: 1
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