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HM Queen Elizabeth II (1926- )
Image: Medal - Elizabeth II Coronation, Sunraysia
Source: Museum Victoria
Queen Elizabeth II was born in London on 21 April 1926, the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York, George and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (later George VI and Queen Elizabeth). Five weeks after her birth she was christened Elizabeth Alexandra Mary. Her sister Princess Margaret was born four years later.
Their father was not expected to be king but with the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII, he became King George VI in 1936.
Elizabeth and Margaret were educated at home. When Elizabeth became Heiress Presumptive to the throne in 1936 she started to study constitutional history and law. She made her first radio broadcast at the age of 14 when she spoke to the children of the Commonwealth, many being evacuated due to the Second World War.
After the War her public engagements grew. Her first official visit overseas occurred in 1947, when she accompanied her parents and sister on a tour of South Africa.
Elizabeth married her fourth cousin Philip Mountbatten in Westminster Abbey on 20 November 1947. They had four children: Prince Charles, now the Prince of Wales and Heir Apparent to the throne, born in 1948; Princess Anne, now the Princess Royal, born in 1950; Prince Andrew, now the Duke of York, born in 1960; and Prince Edward, now Earl of Wessex, born in 1964.
During an Official tour of Kenya in 1952 Princess Elizabeth was informed of the death of her father, and that she was Queen. She immediately returned to England to take up her duties and to lead the nation in mourning. Her coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953.
The Queen has visited Australia numerous times, including in 1954, 1973, 1992, 2006 and 2011.
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Australia Dollar Waltzing Matilda 1995 S The coins was issued to commemorate centenary of the first performance of A. B. Paterson's Waltzing Matilda. In Royal Easter Show, Sydney pack. ...Images: 0
Australia New South Wales Sydney Dollar 10th Anniversary of introduction of dollar coin 1994 (AD) Mint: Royal Australian Mint Canberra struck at their stand at the Royal Melbourne Show ...Images: 2
Australia New South Wales Sydney Dollar 10th Anniversary of introduction of dollar coin 1994 (AD) Mint: Royal Australian Mint Canberra struck at their stand at the Sydney Royal Easter S ...Images: 2
Australia Dollar 1998 C (in collector's coin pack) Commemorating the centenary of the birth of Howard Florey 1898-1968 Mint: Royal Australian, CanberraImages: 2
Australia Dollar 1998 C (in collector's coin pack) Commemorating the centenary of the birth of Howard Florey 1898- 968 Mint: Royal Australian, CanberraImages: 2
Australia Dollar 1999 United Nations International Year of Older Persons Mint: Royal Australian Mint CanberraImages: 2
Australia Dollar 1996 Commemorating the centenary of the death of Sir Henry Parkes, 1815-1896 Mint: Royal AustralianImages: 2
Australia Shilling 1957 Proof strike Mint: MelbourneImages: 2
Australia Melbourne Mint Proof Set, 1963 The set consists of florin, shilling, sixpence and threepence housed in a hard black plastic flip-top caseImages: 1
Australia Fifty Cent, 1969 Mint: Royal Australian Mint, Canberra 14,105,000 fifty cent coins were struck at Canberra in 1969Images: 2