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Science & Measurement Collection
Source: Museum Victoria
This diverse and selective collection represents significant aspects of Australian scientific research and applied science since the 19th century.
Significant items have been acquired directly from scientists or their institutions, including universities, government departments and the CSIRO. The collection also includes representative examples of laboratory equipment and scientific teaching and demonstration apparatus.
Apart from their scientific purpose, many items hold value as extraordinary examples of design and craftsmanship and as manifestations of the impact of science and technology on people's daily lives.
The collection particularly emphasises local scientific research and practical applications of science pertaining to the history of Victoria, but also includes objects from a broader history of science, such as objects from the Soviet and US space programs.
- Scientific equipment developed by Australian scientists: Shephard Ruling Engine (1890s), Steele-Grant Microbalance (1909), Laby-Hercus apparatus for the determination of the mechanical equivalent of heat (1920s) and the first atomic absorption spectrophometer, developed by Alan Walsh at CSIRO (1952).
- Important examples of 19th and 20th century scientific equipment, including physics and chemistry laboratory equipment.
- Representative microscope collection, from Culpeper microscopes (1740s) to early electron microscope (1949).
- Astronomical equipment from the Melbourne Observatory (1860s-1946), including an eight-inch transit telescope (1884), and parts of the Great Melbourne Telescope (1868); associated archival material, photographs, and astronomical photographic plates.
- Original astronomical observations of Ernst Hartung.
- Primary weights and measures of Victoria from the 19th and 20th century, used for establishing standards and testing.
- Surveying equipment, including theodolites, telescopes and measuring rods used in the Geodetic Survey of Victoria (1858-72).
- Meteorological equipment, including items used in the Shackleton Antarctic expedition (1914-17).
- Equipment and personal effects from the exploration of Antarctica, from the early period (Shackleton 1907-09 and Rayner 1927-39) to the era of scientific exploration and establishment of permanent bases (1949-1960s).
See 'Collectors of Time', an essay on this collection from A Museum for the People: A history of Museum Victoria and its predecessor institutions 1854-2000.
Items per page: 10 50 (showing 41 - 50) 3214 items
View of the Transit of Venus camp at Woodford, New South Wales, December 1874. Sites for the observation of the Transit of Venus in New South Wales in 1874 were selected by NSW Govern ...Images: 2
Digital copy of a letter from Henry Chamberlain Russell, Government Astronomer, Sydney Observatory, to George Denton Hirst (1846-1915), Mosman, New South Wales, 12 Nov 1894. Russell tha ...Images: 2
View of the Transit of Venus camp at Woodford, New South Wales, 9 December 1874. Sites for the observation of the Transit of Venus in New South Wales in 1874 were selected by NSW Gover ...Images: 2
Replica of a Roman hemicycle sundial, found at Civita Lavinia, near Rome, Italy, circa 300 BC. The sundial is a type said to have been invented by the Chaldean astronomer Berosus. Cop ...Images: 1
Portable sundial made by Jacques Senecal, Dieppe, France, circa 1660.Images: 1
Horizontal portable sundial, mounted on a magnetic compass.Images: 1
Pocket sundial with compass. Graduated for the southern hemisphere.Images: 1
Equatorial pocket sundial in metal case.Images: 1
Compass sundial, white plastic case and clear plastic dome, made by Kilpatrick & Co, London, circa 1925.Images: 1
Replica horizontal sundial. Marked 'Time and Tide Wait for No Man' and 'Bury St. Edmonds 1618'. However it is not evident that this an actual replica of a sundial at Bury St Edmonds, ...Images: 3