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Science & Measurement Collection
Source: Museum Victoria
This diverse and selective collection represents significant aspects of Australian scientific research and applied science since the 19th century.
Significant items have been acquired directly from scientists or their institutions, including universities, government departments and the CSIRO. The collection also includes representative examples of laboratory equipment and scientific teaching and demonstration apparatus.
Apart from their scientific purpose, many items hold value as extraordinary examples of design and craftsmanship and as manifestations of the impact of science and technology on people's daily lives.
The collection particularly emphasises local scientific research and practical applications of science pertaining to the history of Victoria, but also includes objects from a broader history of science, such as objects from the Soviet and US space programs.
- Scientific equipment developed by Australian scientists: Shephard Ruling Engine (1890s), Steele-Grant Microbalance (1909), Laby-Hercus apparatus for the determination of the mechanical equivalent of heat (1920s) and the first atomic absorption spectrophometer, developed by Alan Walsh at CSIRO (1952).
- Important examples of 19th and 20th century scientific equipment, including physics and chemistry laboratory equipment.
- Representative microscope collection, from Culpeper microscopes (1740s) to early electron microscope (1949).
- Astronomical equipment from the Melbourne Observatory (1860s-1946), including an eight-inch transit telescope (1884), and parts of the Great Melbourne Telescope (1868); associated archival material, photographs, and astronomical photographic plates.
- Original astronomical observations of Ernst Hartung.
- Primary weights and measures of Victoria from the 19th and 20th century, used for establishing standards and testing.
- Surveying equipment, including theodolites, telescopes and measuring rods used in the Geodetic Survey of Victoria (1858-72).
- Meteorological equipment, including items used in the Shackleton Antarctic expedition (1914-17).
- Equipment and personal effects from the exploration of Antarctica, from the early period (Shackleton 1907-09 and Rayner 1927-39) to the era of scientific exploration and establishment of permanent bases (1949-1960s).
See 'Collectors of Time', an essay on this collection from A Museum for the People: A history of Museum Victoria and its predecessor institutions 1854-2000.
Items per page: 10 50 (showing 31 - 40) 1278 items
Harpoon type Nautical Log, A.1, designed by Thomas Walker, England, circa 1863. It was used for the calculations of a ship's speed on the HMVS Victoria in 1865. It is similar to the 186 ...Images: 2
Horizontal pocket sundial, known as a sunwatch. Made by Ansonia Clock Co, New York, circa 1923. Designed for Australia and New Zealand, with three separate scales for latitudes 20, 30 a ...Images: 2
Equinoctial or equatorial sundial, made by Lorenz Grassl, Augsburg, Germany, circa 1750-1800. Brass dial in wooden case, with elevations for Naples, Rome, Ingolstadt, Strasburg. The gn ...Images: 1
Wye Theodolite made by Ertel & Sohn in Munich, Germany, circa 1880. It was used by Victorian Public Works Department.Images: 1
Orrey made Benjamin Martin in London, England circa 1770. An orrery is a mechanical model of the solar system. Generally they were intended to be schematic representations for education ...Images: 4
Replica of a Roman hemicycle sundial, found at Civita Lavinia, near Rome, Italy, circa 300 BC. The sundial is a type said to have been invented by the Chaldean astronomer Berosus. Cop ...Images: 1
Portable sundial made by Jacques Senecal, Dieppe, France, circa 1660.Images: 1
Horizontal portable sundial, mounted on a magnetic compass.Images: 1
Pocket sundial with compass. Graduated for the southern hemisphere.Images: 1
Equatorial pocket sundial in metal case.Images: 1