Search the collections
Science & Measurement Collection
Source: Museum Victoria
This diverse and selective collection represents significant aspects of Australian scientific research and applied science since the 19th century.
Significant items have been acquired directly from scientists or their institutions, including universities, government departments and the CSIRO. The collection also includes representative examples of laboratory equipment and scientific teaching and demonstration apparatus.
Apart from their scientific purpose, many items hold value as extraordinary examples of design and craftsmanship and as manifestations of the impact of science and technology on people's daily lives.
The collection particularly emphasises local scientific research and practical applications of science pertaining to the history of Victoria, but also includes objects from a broader history of science, such as objects from the Soviet and US space programs.
- Scientific equipment developed by Australian scientists: Shephard Ruling Engine (1890s), Steele-Grant Microbalance (1909), Laby-Hercus apparatus for the determination of the mechanical equivalent of heat (1920s) and the first atomic absorption spectrophometer, developed by Alan Walsh at CSIRO (1952).
- Important examples of 19th and 20th century scientific equipment, including physics and chemistry laboratory equipment.
- Representative microscope collection, from Culpeper microscopes (1740s) to early electron microscope (1949).
- Astronomical equipment from the Melbourne Observatory (1860s-1946), including an eight-inch transit telescope (1884), and parts of the Great Melbourne Telescope (1868); associated archival material, photographs, and astronomical photographic plates.
- Original astronomical observations of Ernst Hartung.
- Primary weights and measures of Victoria from the 19th and 20th century, used for establishing standards and testing.
- Surveying equipment, including theodolites, telescopes and measuring rods used in the Geodetic Survey of Victoria (1858-72).
- Meteorological equipment, including items used in the Shackleton Antarctic expedition (1914-17).
- Equipment and personal effects from the exploration of Antarctica, from the early period (Shackleton 1907-09 and Rayner 1927-39) to the era of scientific exploration and establishment of permanent bases (1949-1960s).
See 'Collectors of Time', an essay on this collection from A Museum for the People: A history of Museum Victoria and its predecessor institutions 1854-2000.
Items per page: 10 50 (showing 41 - 50) 1254 items
Ice sledge made to be towed by ponies or dogs. Used on the British Antarctic Expedition, 1907- 1909, led by Ernest Shackleton, by Australian Bertram Armytage, a member of the expedition ...Images: 6
Helio-chronometer or universal sun dial, made by Pilkington-Gibbs in Preston, Lancashire and distributed by O. Nelson, London, England, circa 1910, Invented by George James Gibbs and pa ...Images: 1
The NEC SX4 supercomputer was one of the world's fastest supercomputers when it was leased by the Bureau and CSIRO in 1997. The SX2 was introduced in 1985. The SX4 was introduced in th ...Images: 11
Matchbox promoting the 1949-1952 Norwegian-Swedish-British Antarctic Expedition, manufactured by the Swedish Match Company, Sweden, 1952. They were used on Heard Island and in Antarctic ...Images: 2
2N1308. NPN Germanium by Texas Instruments. For switching at radio frequencies.Images: 1
TIP33A. NPN Silicon power type by Texas Instruments, used for audio frequency high voltage & high current application.Images: 1
Certificate presented to Dr Phillip Law by the American Geophysical Union and the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics in recognition of the contribution of Dr Law and ANARE to ...Images: 1
Gladstone Bag made circa 1900 and used by John King Davis on his nautical journeys, including as the Chief Officer of SY Nimrod during the British Imperial Antarctic Expedition, 1907-19 ...Images: 1
Timber moisture meter used to assess the moisture content of kiln dried timber, manufactured between 1950-1969, and used at the Foresta Timber Mills Pty Ltd from approximately 1950 to 1 ...Images: 9
Leather dog collar worn in Antarctica in 1993 by husky Morrie, one of the last group of huskies used in Antarctica. It is part of Museum Victoria's collection of artefacts from the post ...Images: 2