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Science & Measurement Collection
Source: Museum Victoria
This diverse and selective collection represents significant aspects of Australian scientific research and applied science since the 19th century.
Significant items have been acquired directly from scientists or their institutions, including universities, government departments and the CSIRO. The collection also includes representative examples of laboratory equipment and scientific teaching and demonstration apparatus.
Apart from their scientific purpose, many items hold value as extraordinary examples of design and craftsmanship and as manifestations of the impact of science and technology on people's daily lives.
The collection particularly emphasises local scientific research and practical applications of science pertaining to the history of Victoria, but also includes objects from a broader history of science, such as objects from the Soviet and US space programs.
- Scientific equipment developed by Australian scientists: Shephard Ruling Engine (1890s), Steele-Grant Microbalance (1909), Laby-Hercus apparatus for the determination of the mechanical equivalent of heat (1920s) and the first atomic absorption spectrophometer, developed by Alan Walsh at CSIRO (1952).
- Important examples of 19th and 20th century scientific equipment, including physics and chemistry laboratory equipment.
- Representative microscope collection, from Culpeper microscopes (1740s) to early electron microscope (1949).
- Astronomical equipment from the Melbourne Observatory (1860s-1946), including an eight-inch transit telescope (1884), and parts of the Great Melbourne Telescope (1868); associated archival material, photographs, and astronomical photographic plates.
- Original astronomical observations of Ernst Hartung.
- Primary weights and measures of Victoria from the 19th and 20th century, used for establishing standards and testing.
- Surveying equipment, including theodolites, telescopes and measuring rods used in the Geodetic Survey of Victoria (1858-72).
- Meteorological equipment, including items used in the Shackleton Antarctic expedition (1914-17).
- Equipment and personal effects from the exploration of Antarctica, from the early period (Shackleton 1907-09 and Rayner 1927-39) to the era of scientific exploration and establishment of permanent bases (1949-1960s).
See 'Collectors of Time', an essay on this collection from A Museum for the People: A history of Museum Victoria and its predecessor institutions 1854-2000.
Items per page: 10 50 (showing 1 - 10) 89 items
Copper-Nickel 1 Rouble coin manufactured in 1981 to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the first manned space flight on 12 April 1961. Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was the first pers ...Images: 2
1 Tala, Issued by Samoa, 1979 Commemorating the Bicentenary of the death of James Cook and featuring HMS Resolution Mint not recordedImages: 2
1 Tala, Issued by Western Samoa, 1970 Commemorating the exploration of the Pacific by James Cook 1769 - 1779 Mint not recordedImages: 2
First day cover with Five Pence (5 d.) stamp commemorating the 50th Anniversary of 1911-1914 Australasian Antarctic Expedition. It is postmarked 6 December 1961 via Macquarie Island.Images: 1
Portrait medal of Roger Bacon (1214-1294) by Ramond Gayrard. One of the Series Numismatica Universalis Virum Illustrium series. Minted in Paris, 1818.Images: 2
A small medal with large loop at top featuring bust of James Cook facing right. One of more than 40 different commemorative medal issues inspired by the 1970 bicentenary of Captain Jame ...Images: 2
Australia 1980 (AD) Skylab Medal Mint: Perth Mint Other Details: Issued to mark the re-entry and impact of the Skylab Space Station in Western Australia on 12 July 1978. Skylab is depic ...From: Perth, Australia Images: 2
Mint. Niehuus & Lewis Other Details: Bronze strike of medal awarded (in gold) to members of the John McDouall Stuart expedition to cross Australia in 1862 on the occasion of the Jubilee ...From: Adelaide, Australia Images: 2
Gold-plated commemorative medal of the Australian Bicentenary. Issued by the Australian Bicentennial Authority. Designed by Michael Meszaros and minted by the Royal Australian Mint, Can ...From: Canberra, Australia Images: 2
Australia New South Wales Sydney ANZAAS Centenary Conference, Sydney 1988 (AD) Mint: Amor Other Details: ANZAAS Centenary Conference medal, available to those who attended conference. T ...From: Sydney, Australia Images: 2