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Gung Family Collection
Image: Photograph - Gung Family, Melbourne, circa 1950
Source: Museum Victoria
The documents, photographs and objects in the Gung family collection provide an insight into the family's experiences of migrating to Australia from China at the beginning of the twentieth century. Included in the collection are immigration papers that are of historical interest because they reflect changes in Australian immigration policy from the 1900s to the 1960s.
Throughout this time, Australia's immigration policies - collectively known as the While Australia policy - restricted the immigration and rights of non-Europeans. This meant that Sydney Louey Gung and his wife, Yun Ping, who was born in Melbourne in 1890, were not eligible to apply for Australian citizenship, despite having settled permanently in Australia. In 1923, Harry Louey Pang, Sydney's older brother who been a continuous resident of Australia since 1888, applied for naturalisation and was refused on the grounds that if an exception was made for him, there would have to be other exceptions for other Chinese and non- white residents. The gradual relaxation of the policy in the early 1960s allowed Sydney's daughter-in-law, Mary Louey Gung, and her children to successfully apply to become Australian citizens. For examples of these documents, refer to the 'Aliens Entering Australia in Overseas Vessel or Aircraft' application form completed by Sydney in 1946 and a letter to Mary, dated 1962, stating that her application to become an Australian citizen has been approved.
The objects include a dinner set and bowl set, clay food steamer, a mahjong game set, abacus, scale balance perhaps for measuring herbs, lacquered chest, Samuel Louey Gung's ivory name chop and pen which illustrate Chinese Australian family life in the early to mid-twentieth century. There is also a Chinese marriage certificate from China for Samuel and Mary Louey Gung who had been married in Australia but who also desired a Chinese certificate.
Items per page: 10 50 (showing 21 - 23) 23 items
Letter to the Minister for Information and Immigration, The Hon A A Calwell MP, from N E McKenna, Minister for Social Services, dated 15 January 1949. The letter details concerns by Sam ...From: Canberra, Australia Images: 2
Receipt issued by the Melbourne General Cemetery (No 10144) to Samuel Louey-Gung on 13 May 1954 for payment of Plot Presbyterian NA 644. Plot size - 8 x 4 feet. Cost - 18/8. Samuel was ...From: Ascot Vale, Australia Images: 2
Issued by the Young Chinese League, Melbourne to Samuel (David) Louey Gung as proof of membership for 1946-1947. Samuel was born in Carlton in 1920 to Chinese parents. At a young age he ...From: Melbourne, Australia Images: 3