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Royal Exhibition Building Collection
Image: Watercolour - The Exhibition Building, Melbourne, Framed, 1880
Source: Museum Victoria
The Royal Exhibition Building is a product of the optimism, enthusiasm and energy of the people of Melbourne in the late 19th century. In 1879, when the foundation stone was laid, Melbourne was an extremely prosperous city, basking in the wealth from the richest gold rush in the world. The future seemed unlimited, and Victorians wanted to publicise their achievements in an international exhibition.
The building was designed by Joseph Reed and erected in less than 18 months. The first exhibition opened on 1 October 1880. The excited crowd included many who had immigrated during the 1850's gold rush. They had seen Melbourne change from a scatter of wooden houses to a marvellous modern city. The new Exhibition Building, the largest building in Australia, was a symbol of their confidence in the future. The 1880-81 International Exhibition attracted entries from 33 countries and over a million visitors.
The boom times continued, and in 1888 at the Centennial International Exhibition, annexes full of displays covered the gardens north to Carlton Street, and people made 2 million visits.
The Opening of the First Federal Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia on 9 May 1901 saw 12,000 people attend the ceremony in the Great Hall. The restored interior replicates the decorative scheme designed for that event.
In 1919, the building was used as a temporary hospital for Spanish Flu sufferers; from 1921-1925 the first Australian War Museum was housed there (the precursor to the Australian War Memorial); between 1941 and 1945 the building was requisitioned by the RAAF No 1 Technical Training School; from 1949-1962 a migrant reception centre was housed in the grounds north of the great hall; and in 1956 weight liftingting, basketball and wrestling competitions were held as part of the Melbourne Olympics. Between these events the building has continued to be used for trade fairs, motor shows, balls, meetings, flower shows, examinations and rock concerts.
To mark its centenary in 1980, Princess Alexandra, cousin to Queen Elizabeth II, bestowed Royal title on the Exhibition Building. Its significance as the only surviving 19th century 'Palace of Industry' located in its original landscape setting, still used for events, saw the Royal Exhibition Building listed on the World Heritage Register in July 2004.
The Royal Exhibition Collection of well over 5,000 objects reflects all aspects of the building's history: objects displayed at the two great International Exhibitions; souvenirs; certificates and medals awarded to exhibitors and commissioners; invitations to concerts, balls and the opening of parliament: catalogues to the International Exhibition and museum displays. The collection also contains photographs of the building from the 1880s to the present day, and other pictorial reproductions including watercolours, postcards and lithographic prints.
Items per page: 10 50 (showing 141 - 150) 153 items
Two-page letter hand-written in black ink on lined paper, addressed to Royce from his father. His father has received photo taken at Power House. He is pleased that Royce is going aroun ...
Two-page letter is to Royce, a RAAF serviceman, from Lil in answer to his letter, which she had welcomed receiving. She mentions the need to increase production at the factory she work ...From: Glanville, Australia Images: 4
Hand-written two-page letter from Father, written on lined paper, disappointed that Royce could not come home for weekend. Uncle Bill went back to hospital before being discharged from ...
Hand-written two-page letter to Royce from his father, address and date included. The letter includes news of friends and family, suggestions of what to see in Melbourne and Xmas greeti ...
Coloured invitation printed on card to a Conversazione, an evening event held in the Exhibition Building on the evening of Tuesday 7 May 1901 as part of the Australian Commonwealth Cele ...From: Melbourne, Australia Images: 2
Jounal created as a souvenir to commemorate the centenary of European settlement of Victoria in 1934. It was 'not intended to be a guide book or programme, but a historical review, cove ...From: Melbourne, Australia Images: 4
Colour printed menu for an evening reception held on the 9 May 1901, the day the first Commonwealth Parliament of Australia was declared open, printed by E. Whitehead & Co of Melbourne. ...From: Melbourne, Australia Images: 3
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Printed in 1901, this is the 'Official Programme of Functions and Displays to Celebrate the Opening of the First Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, By His Royal Highness the D ...From: Melbourne, Australia Images: 0
Publication titled 'Australian War Memorial Museum: The Relics and Records of Australia's effort in the Defence of the Empure, 1914-18', printed in 1925 at which point the war museum wa ...From: Melbourne, Australia Images: 1
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Untitled hard cover book with black and white photographic portraits of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York, and the Earl and Countess of Hopetoun. Printed by Osboldstone & Attkin ...From: Melbourne, Australia Images: 0