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Royal Exhibition Building Collection
Image: Watercolour - The Exhibition Building, Melbourne, Framed, 1880
Source: Museum Victoria
The Royal Exhibition Building is a product of the optimism, enthusiasm and energy of the people of Melbourne in the late 19th century. In 1879, when the foundation stone was laid, Melbourne was an extremely prosperous city, basking in the wealth from the richest gold rush in the world. The future seemed unlimited, and Victorians wanted to publicise their achievements in an international exhibition.
The building was designed by Joseph Reed and erected in less than 18 months. The first exhibition opened on 1 October 1880. The excited crowd included many who had immigrated during the 1850's gold rush. They had seen Melbourne change from a scatter of wooden houses to a marvellous modern city. The new Exhibition Building, the largest building in Australia, was a symbol of their confidence in the future. The 1880-81 International Exhibition attracted entries from 33 countries and over a million visitors.
The boom times continued, and in 1888 at the Centennial International Exhibition, annexes full of displays covered the gardens north to Carlton Street, and people made 2 million visits.
The Opening of the First Federal Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia on 9 May 1901 saw 12,000 people attend the ceremony in the Great Hall. The restored interior replicates the decorative scheme designed for that event.
In 1919, the building was used as a temporary hospital for Spanish Flu sufferers; from 1921-1925 the first Australian War Museum was housed there (the precursor to the Australian War Memorial); between 1941 and 1945 the building was requisitioned by the RAAF No 1 Technical Training School; from 1949-1962 a migrant reception centre was housed in the grounds north of the great hall; and in 1956 weight liftingting, basketball and wrestling competitions were held as part of the Melbourne Olympics. Between these events the building has continued to be used for trade fairs, motor shows, balls, meetings, flower shows, examinations and rock concerts.
To mark its centenary in 1980, Princess Alexandra, cousin to Queen Elizabeth II, bestowed Royal title on the Exhibition Building. Its significance as the only surviving 19th century 'Palace of Industry' located in its original landscape setting, still used for events, saw the Royal Exhibition Building listed on the World Heritage Register in July 2004.
The Royal Exhibition Collection of well over 5,000 objects reflects all aspects of the building's history: objects displayed at the two great International Exhibitions; souvenirs; certificates and medals awarded to exhibitors and commissioners; invitations to concerts, balls and the opening of parliament: catalogues to the International Exhibition and museum displays. The collection also contains photographs of the building from the 1880s to the present day, and other pictorial reproductions including watercolours, postcards and lithographic prints.
Items per page: 10 50 (showing 21 - 30) 148 items
Price tag for mosaics created by L Tarantoni of Rome and exhibited by the agent for the Italian Court Olivieri e Sarfatti at the Melbourne International Exhibition (MIE). The MIE was he ...Images: 1
This book is essentially a catalogue of the exhibits in the New South Wales Court at the Melbourne International Exhibition of 1880. It describes the categories of competition and allo ...Images: 1
Printed compilation of images and text first published in The Argus on 2 August 1888. The souvenir was printed by the Deakin University School of Humanities in 1988, the 100th anniversa ...Images: 2
Catalogue detailing the exhibits in the Queensland Court at the Melbourne Centennial International Exhibition of 1888, published by Warwick & Sapsford. The Centennial International Exh ...Images: 2
Melbourne International Exhibition exhibitor's pass belonging to Mr Thomas Coulter Wright, accountant agent for the Ballarat Woollen Mills. The pass entitled Thomas Wright unlimited acc ...Images: 2
Carbon copy letter, dated 1 May 1893. The letter outlines the construction of a security door, steel plated with a special locking system, to be installed in the (Royal) Exhibition Buil ...Images: 3
Melbourne Centennial International Exhibition official daily programme printed at the (Royal) Exhibition Building on 5 January 1888, outlining events being held in the building on that ...Images: 1
Unaddressed, printed letter written by the secretary of the Exhibition Commission George Lavater, providing information to guests attending a banquet in the (Royal) Exhibition Building ...Images: 1
'Jottings at the Melbourne Exhibition', a page of black & white engravings published in the newspaper The Australian Sketcher, 6 November 1880.Images: 1
Double-sided page (pp. 39-40) from the country edition of The Australasian Sketcher, Wednesday 4 June 1879, published by Wilson & McKinnon, Melbourne. On the bottom half of p. 40 is a ...Images: 1