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Royal Exhibition Building Collection
Image: Watercolour - The Exhibition Building, Melbourne, Framed, 1880
Source: Museum Victoria
The Royal Exhibition Building is a product of the optimism, enthusiasm and energy of the people of Melbourne in the late 19th century. In 1879, when the foundation stone was laid, Melbourne was an extremely prosperous city, basking in the wealth from the richest gold rush in the world. The future seemed unlimited, and Victorians wanted to publicise their achievements in an international exhibition.
The building was designed by Joseph Reed and erected in less than 18 months. The first exhibition opened on 1 October 1880. The excited crowd included many who had immigrated during the 1850's gold rush. They had seen Melbourne change from a scatter of wooden houses to a marvellous modern city. The new Exhibition Building, the largest building in Australia, was a symbol of their confidence in the future. The 1880-81 International Exhibition attracted entries from 33 countries and over a million visitors.
The boom times continued, and in 1888 at the Centennial International Exhibition, annexes full of displays covered the gardens north to Carlton Street, and people made 2 million visits.
The Opening of the First Federal Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia on 9 May 1901 saw 12,000 people attend the ceremony in the Great Hall. The restored interior replicates the decorative scheme designed for that event.
In 1919, the building was used as a temporary hospital for Spanish Flu sufferers; from 1921-1925 the first Australian War Museum was housed there (the precursor to the Australian War Memorial); between 1941 and 1945 the building was requisitioned by the RAAF No 1 Technical Training School; from 1949-1962 a migrant reception centre was housed in the grounds north of the great hall; and in 1956 weight liftingting, basketball and wrestling competitions were held as part of the Melbourne Olympics. Between these events the building has continued to be used for trade fairs, motor shows, balls, meetings, flower shows, examinations and rock concerts.
To mark its centenary in 1980, Princess Alexandra, cousin to Queen Elizabeth II, bestowed Royal title on the Exhibition Building. Its significance as the only surviving 19th century 'Palace of Industry' located in its original landscape setting, still used for events, saw the Royal Exhibition Building listed on the World Heritage Register in July 2004.
The Royal Exhibition Collection of well over 5,000 objects reflects all aspects of the building's history: objects displayed at the two great International Exhibitions; souvenirs; certificates and medals awarded to exhibitors and commissioners; invitations to concerts, balls and the opening of parliament: catalogues to the International Exhibition and museum displays. The collection also contains photographs of the building from the 1880s to the present day, and other pictorial reproductions including watercolours, postcards and lithographic prints.
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This painting by Alice Chapman (1860-1929) was exhibited in the 1888-89 Centennial Exhibition in Melbourne. Two other paintings by the same artist were also exhibited then - `Fruit' an ...From: Melbourne, Australia Images: 2
View from the eastern balcony over the French & German Courts in the Great Hall at the 1880 Melbourne International Exhibition held at the Exhibition Buildings, Carlton Gardens, between ...Images: 1
View from the northern balcony in the western nave looking west towards the Grand Organ and the orchestra and choir arranged on the temporary dais erected in front of it during the offi ...Images: 1
Photograph from the Johnstone O'Shannessy studio of the W. Hudspeth display at the Melbourne Centennial International Exhibition (MCIE). The MCIE was held in the (Royal) Exhibition Buil ...Images: 1
Black & white photograph looking along the western nave towards the Grand Organ in the Great Hall, Exhibition Buildings, with a small dais set up in front of the Organ in preparation fo ...Images: 2
Black & white photograph showing the official dais being constructed below the Dome in the Great Hall of the Exhibition Building in preparation for the Royal Visit by Her Royal Highness ...Images: 2
Black & white photograph looking west along the eastern nave towards the Grand Organ, showing preparations taking place in the Great Hall of the Exhibition Building as part of the Royal ...Images: 2
Black & white photograph showing the official dais set up under the dome of the Great Hall of the Exhibition Building as part of the Royal Visit by Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra ...Images: 2
Black & white photograph looking into the eastern nave of the Great Hall of the Exhibition Building, showing the decorations being installed as part of the Royal Visit by Her Royal High ...Images: 2
Black & white photograph looking into the eastern nave of the Great Hall of the Exhibition Building, from in front of the Grand Organ, showing the official dais and decorations being in ...Images: 2