1860s

Cultural diversity increases

Cartoon by Oslo Davis Cartoon by Oslo Davis
Source: Museum Victoria
 

New legislation in Victoria gives the Agent-General in Britain full control of immigrant selection. Agents in Britain are paid fees to recruit immigrants, especially unmarried women, to Victoria.

British immigrants are enticed by offers of assisted passage and land.

Most of Victoria's anti-Chinese legislation is repealed, and Chinese people become the fourth largest immigrant group after the British, Irish and Germans.

In 1861, legislation confines Aboriginal people to missions and reserves.

General policy towards Aborigines changes from 'civilise and christianise' to 'pacification'.

In 1869, Victorian parliament passes legislation for the protection of Aborigines.

Aus Pop (1865): 1,390,043
Vic Pop (1865): 617,791 Figures taken from Colonial and Commonwealth censuses and exclude Aborigines until 1971.

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Related collection items

Explore items from our collection

  • Passenger Contract Ticket - Issued to Elizabeth & Edward Pratt, 'Netherby', Black Ball Line, Steerage, London, 1862
  • Book - Emma Etta Neville, 'Life's Work As It Is', Sampson Low, Son & Marston, London, 1867
  • Wedding Veil - Limerick Lace, 1856
  • Staircase Model - Heinrich Munzel, Brazilwood, Brazil, 1835-1850
  • Field Cape - Guangdong Province, Southern China, circa 1860
  • Bonnet - Black Net & Sequins, 1870-1900
 

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