1870s

Immigration a local concern

Cartoon by Oslo Davis Cartoon by Oslo Davis
Source: Museum Victoria
 

Melbourne celebrates the growth of its trade and industry with an Intercolonial Exhibition.

In 1873, riots occur in Clunes in Victoria due to the use of Chinese miners to break a miners' strike; the violence forced the Chinese people to return to Ballarat.

Most government-assisted immigration ceases, following an economic downturn.

The Colonial Land and Emigration Commission in England closes, and the colonies take over the selection and administration of immigrants.

The Australian Natives Association is formed to represent the interests of the expanding Australian-born population.

In 1875, the last convict hulk anchored off Port Phillip Bay is retired and sold off.

A further four Aboriginal missions are established around Victoria.

Aus Pop (1875): 1,898,223
Vic Pop (1875): 794,934 Figures taken from Colonial and Commonwealth censuses and exclude Aborigines until 1971.

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Related collection items

Explore items from our collection

  • Diary - Ally Heathcote, England to Melbourne, Victoria, Onboard 'SS Northumberland', 1874
  • Book - Charles Rooking Carter, 'Victoria The British "El Dorado", Edward Stanford, 1870
  • Steam Ship Model - SS Orient, 1879
  • Vases - Blue Glass, circa 1878
  • Travel Basket - Wicker, Scotland, circa 1865-1872
  • Diary - Alfred Elder, England to Australia, Onboard 'SS St Osyth', 1875
 

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