Effects of the First World War
Cartoon by Oslo Davis
Source: Museum Victoria
In 1910, the Victorian Aborigines Act extends the powers of the Board for the Protection of Aborigines to cover 'half-caste' as well as 'full-blood' Aborigines.
Government schemes entice immigrants with the offer of rural land, but few make a successful living.
The British Government queries the accuracy of Australian immigration information.
Trade unions oppose assisted immigration schemes, arguing that they add to unemployment.
In 1914, the outbreak of the First World War brings immigration to a halt.
German immigration is banned and all assisted immigration schemes are terminated.
In 1914, the Commonwealth War Precautions Act causes several thousand Australian residents of German and Austrian origin to be interned as 'enemy aliens'.
Aus Pop (1911): 4,455,005
Vic Pop (1911): 1,315,551 Figures taken from Colonial and Commonwealth censuses and exclude Aborigines until 1971.