1920s

Schemes to attract the British

Cartoon by Oslo Davis Cartoon by Oslo Davis
Source: Museum Victoria
 

In 1920, the Commonwealth government assumes responsibility from the states for immigrant selection.

In 1922, the Empire Land Settlement Scheme sees the British government assist migrants to come to Australia and settle on the land.

Restrictive immigration laws in the USA contribute to an increase in non-British immigration to Victoria.

Government policies control non-British immigration through strict quotas for each European country and heavy landing taxes.

In 1924, a local businessman establishes the Big Brother Movement, one of numerous enterprises which organises for English schoolboys to live and work on Victorian farms.

In 1925, the Australian Aboriginal Progressive Association is formed, requesting full citizenship rights for Aborigines and land as compensation for dispossession.

In 1929, the Depression brings a halt to immigration assistance schemes.

Aus Pop (1921): 5,435,734
Vic Pop (1921): 1,531,280 Figures taken from Colonial and Commonwealth censuses and exclude Aborigines until 1971.

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Related collection items

Explore items from our collection

  • Passport - Issued to Evelyn May Rowell, by United Kingdom, 1920
  • Cut Throat Razor - Crossing the Equator Souvenir, 1921
  • Soup Bowl - Wedgwood, Green, England, circa 1907
  • Wedding Ensemble - Dress, Veil & Gloves, Melbourne, 1923
  • Camera - Bellows Glass Plate, Parisio Cantini Empoli, Italy, circa 1880
  • Suitcase - Brown Leather, Italian Immigrant Gabriel Francoli, circa 1924
 

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