1930s

Migration curtailed by depression and war

Cartoon by Oslo Davis Cartoon by Oslo Davis
Source: Museum Victoria
 

The Depression years result in little immigration.

The Australian Government responds to local pressure and reduces the landing tax for non-British Europeans with relatives in Australia.

In 1934, the Dictation Test is used in an attempt to prevent left-wing Czech-Jewish writer Egon Kisch from landing in Australia.

Aborigines' Progressive Association holds a 'day of mourning' on the sesquicentenary of the landing of the First Fleet.

In 1938, the government decides to accept 15,000 Jewish refugees from Nazism over three years; only 7,500 reach Australia before war breaks out.

Immigration ceases in September 1939 with the outbreak of World War Two.

Aus Pop (1933): 6,629,839
Vic Pop (1933): 1,820,261 Figures taken from Colonial and Commonwealth censuses and exclude Aborigines until 1971.

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Related collection items

Explore items from our collection

  • Sweetheart Brooch - Rigo Cavedon, To Olga, circa 1935
  • Koala - Ada Perry, Blue Felt, circa 1930s-1960s
  • Booklet - 'Der Ahnenpass', Third Reich, Germany, circa 1937
  • Pastry Wheel - Cake Decorating, Karl Muffler, 1930s-1950s
 

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