Migration curtailed by depression and war
Cartoon by Oslo Davis
Source: Museum Victoria
The Depression years result in little immigration.
The Australian Government responds to local pressure and reduces the landing tax for non-British Europeans with relatives in Australia.
In 1934, the Dictation Test is used in an attempt to prevent left-wing Czech-Jewish writer Egon Kisch from landing in Australia.
Aborigines' Progressive Association holds a 'day of mourning' on the sesquicentenary of the landing of the First Fleet.
In 1938, the government decides to accept 15,000 Jewish refugees from Nazism over three years; only 7,500 reach Australia before war breaks out.
Immigration ceases in September 1939 with the outbreak of World War Two.
Aus Pop (1933): 6,629,839
Vic Pop (1933): 1,820,261 Figures taken from Colonial and Commonwealth censuses and exclude Aborigines until 1971.