1970s

Refugees from our region

Cartoon by Oslo Davis Cartoon by Oslo Davis
Source: Museum Victoria
 

In 1971, Bonegilla Reception and Training Centre closes.

The largest number of immigrant groups are from Britain, Italy and Greece.

Lake Tyers Mission becomes the first successful Aboriginal land rights claim in Victoria.

A change in Federal Government sees the removal of the last discriminatory references in the immigration policy. However, strict migrant intake controls are enforced and immigration promotion ceases.

In 1975, the Racial Discrimination Act prohibits discrimination on the grounds of race, religion, colour, descent or ethnicity.

A mid-decade economic recession results in a dramatic fall in immigration.

The first refugees arrive from Vietnam, Lebanon, Cyprus and Chile, fleeing civil war and political conflict.

In 1977, the last migrant–carrying ocean liner docks in Melbourne.

The 1978 Galbally Report formalises the use of the term 'multiculturalism'.

The Numerical Multifactor Assessment System (NUMAS), a new immigrant selection system, is introduced, with points tallied against preferred criteria.

Aus Pop (1976): 13,548,448
Vic Pop (1976): 3,646,974 Figures taken from Colonial and Commonwealth censuses and exclude Aborigines until 1971.

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Related collection items

Explore items from our collection

  • Suitcase - Red Vinyl, Vietnam, 1978
  • Puppet - Greek Shadow Puppet Theatre, Karaghiozis [classic], 1960s
  • Tie - Vogue Ties, Floral, circa 1970
  • Model - Female Reproductive System, 1970s
  • Bedspread - Brown & Orange, Cotton, circa1970s
  • Picture Kit - Situational English for Newcomers to Australia, Department of Education & Science, circa 1970
 

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