Bushfires threaten life and property but also regenerate the tall forests.
For people living in the mountains east of Melbourne, the tall forests are both home and hazard. The high rainfall and deep, protected gullies ensure the environment is moist and green, however in late summer each year and in times of drought the tall forests can become tinder-dry, primed with flammable eucalyptus oils and ready for ignition. The short history of European settlement in the area records major bushfires and the human trauma associated with them. To the forest itself, however, these fires are neither alien nor devastating. They are a necessary part of the forest's long life cycle and the stimulus for biological succession.