Welcome to Immigration Museum and the Leaving and Arrival education tour.
Whilst on the tour you can pause this audio at any time.
We start the tour by acknowledging the traditional owners of the land you are standing on today. Aboriginal people have been in Victoria for more than 40,000 years and the people of the Kulin Nation are the traditional owners of the land on which the Immigration Museum stands.
During your tour of the first floor galleries you will be using the Leaving and Arrival booklet. The five major waves of migration to Australia are represented on the front and back covers of the booklet. These waves were times of increased levels of immigration caused either by pull factors which attracted people to Australia (for example, the Gold Rush) or push factors that caused people to leave their own countries and move to Australia to live (for example, war).
There are five galleries on the first floor. To complete the activities in the Leaving and Arrival booklet you will visit three of these galleries: the Leaving Home gallery, the Immigrant Stories and Timeline gallery and the Getting In gallery. You will need to spend approximately 15 minutes in each to complete the activities. Consult the map on page one of your booklet for their locations. You are, of course, welcome to visit the other galleries on the first floor.
The Leaving Home Gallery can be found on the first floor opposite the stairs and the activities for this gallery start on page 2 of your booklet.
What would it take to make you leave your homeland and travel thousands of miles to another country?
This gallery shows an 11 minute video of stories of people who have left their homes to migrate to Australia.
As you enter the gallery spend some time looking at the objects displayed. People leave different countries and they leave for different reasons. How do the objects on display illustrate these differences?
Now move to the revolving globe which represents different periods of time when people have crossed the globe to settle in Australia.
Take a seat to watch the video. Whilst you watch, think about how the people you see might have felt leading up to their departure from their country as well as after they arrived in Australia.
In your booklet you will record the details of two immigrants featured in the video.
Immigrant Stories & Timeline
The activities for the Immigrant Stories and Timeline gallery are found on pages 4 to 7 of your booklet. Around the walls of this gallery is a decade by decade timeline of key events in Victoria's immigration history. Each decade has an information panel summarising these key events and a display of documents related to that period.
The map on page one of your booklet has a key showing the location of each time period you will be exploring. Also in this gallery, you will find exhibits of individual immigrant stories.
In the timeline, look for evidence to support the statements about Australia's immigration policies. These statements are shown in your booklet as quotes and are printed in italics. Check the time period at the top of each page and make sure you are using the corresponding sections of the timeline. Record your evidence either by taking notes, by sketching or by photographing the documents. Please note that no flash photography is allowed in the galleries.
You will need to examine the information panels and the documents carefully to locate the evidence. Here are some suggestions that might help you but remember to look for further evidence yourself.
For the 1850s to 1920s activity on page 4, you might refer to the 1920s section of the timeline and record information related to the document titled 'Australia's offer to the British Boy'. For the activity on page 5, the 1900s information panel explains how the Naturalisation Act denied Asians and other non-Europeans the right to apply for naturalisation.
For the 1940s to 1950s activity on page 6, you will find photographs of immigrants from Malta and the Baltic states in the 1940s section of the timeline.
The last period to be examined in this gallery is the 1970s to 2000s and can be found on page 7. This quote can be supported by The Racial Discrimination Act displayed on the 1970s panel. The Racial Discrimination Act prohibits racial discrimination with respect to immigration.
The activities for The Getting In gallery are found on pages 8 to 11 in your booklet. The gallery is divided into time periods and you will need to check the archways that divide the gallery to make sure you are in the section that corresponds to the time period at the top of each page in your booklet. Use the key above the map on page one of your booklet to locate the relevant section of the gallery.
The Getting In gallery focuses on who was able to get in to Australia and who was not as a result of Australia's immigration policy at the time. You will record evidence to support statements that reflect this. You can choose to record your evidence by taking notes, by sketching or by photographing the documents. Please do not use flash photography in the galleries.
You will need to examine the exhibits carefully to locate the evidence. Here are some suggestions that might help you but remember to look for further evidence yourself.
For the 1840 to 1900 period, you might refer to the illustration of 'The Emigration Agent's Office'.
In the 1901 to 1945 section, the sheet music of the White Australia song would be appropriate evidence.
For the period from 1946 to 1972, the 'House Full' cartoon illustrates both opinions stated in the quote.
To support the quote on page 11 for the current period -1973 up to today, the photograph of the Demonstration Against Racism in the Melbourne Treasury Gardens provides evidence of how Australians began to see their nation.
Back at school
Page 12 of your booklet is for you to use back at school when you will have had time to carry out further research and to reflect and form your own views on the future of immigration to Australia.
Thank you for visiting Immigration Museum. If you have any questions, you may wish to visit the Discovery Centre on the ground floor or to seek assistance from the Customer Service Officers.