Collared Lory

Phigys solitarius

Click to view a larger image. Click to view a larger image. bird bird

Collared Lory
Image: Tim Laman
Source: Nature Picture Library

Museum specimen featured in the Wild exhibition
Source: Museum Victoria

Type: bird

Collared Lory Collared Lory
Image: Tim Laman
Source: Nature Picture Library

Conservation Status

Secure Vulnerable Endangered Extinct  ]

Collared Lories are common, but their range is restricted to just a few islands. They may be vulnerable in future to disturbances such as logging, which removes the hollows they use for nesting. Their ability to exploit introduced trees for food has allowed them to persist despite profound changes to their environment.

WHAT THEY EAT

herbivore

Collared Lories are herbivores.

They eat the nectar, blossoms and fruits of native and introduced plants.

HOW BIG THEY ARE

Collared Lory relative size depiction as described below

Size relative to a sparrow and a cat.

Weight:
71–92 g
Length:
20 cm

Amazing Collared Lories

Collared Lories belong to a group of parrots that includes the lorikeets of Australia. Like all parrots they have stocky bodies, large heads and short legs. Their strong, curved beaks and nimble tongues are powered by highly-developed muscles which help them manipulate food. Collared Lories have long tongues tipped with a brush-like appendage for sweeping up pollen grains and nectar.

Their plumage is very colourful but actually provides camouflage in their lush forest home. With orange bills, purple-black crowns and bright feathers of green, red and royal blue, Collared Lories are stunning parrots, and their feathers were traditionally used for decoration by people of Samoa and Tonga. They have an area of long feathers behind their necks that they can ruffle up to create a large ‘collar’. Large groups of these birds congregate to feed on mangoes and coconut palm flowers, often displaying playful, intelligent and inquisitive behaviour.

These birds are difficult to study in the wild since they move around so much to follow food sources. Most recorded breeding behaviour comes from studying captive birds. Collared Lories form strong pair bonds and nest in tree hollows or old stumps in November or December. They lay two eggs, which are incubated for about 30 days. Young Collared Lories remain in the nest, attended by both parents, for about nine weeks.

Did You Know?

Collared Lories

  • are brilliantly coloured, playful parrots
  • have specialised tongues for eating nectar and pollen
  • have a patch of neck feathers they can ruffle up into a ‘collar’

WHERE THEY LIVE

Collared Lory distribution map

Collared Lories are found on the larger Fijian islands. They live in forested areas up to 1200 m in altitude. They also feed in plantations and tree-lined streets of towns.

OTHER ANIMALS

Other animals from Oceania

Many-coloured Fruit-dove
Photograph of a yellow plastic Tyranasaurus Rex