Books and websites


  • Aguilar-Moreno, M., Handbook to Life in the Aztec World, Facts on File, New York, 2005
  • Boyce, J., 1835: The Founding of Melbourne and the Conquest of Australia, Black Inc, 2013
  • Carrasco, D., The Aztecs: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2012
  • Clendinnen, I., Aztecs, Cambridge University Press, 1993
  • Clendinnen, I., The Cost of Courage, Cambridge University Press, 2010
  • Clendinnen, I., Dancing with Strangers, Text Publishing, Melbourne, 2003
  • Coe M., and Koontz, R., Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs, Thomas & Hudson, 2013
  • Castillo, B.D., The True History of the Conquest of New Spain, Volume 2, Translated by Alfred Percival Maudslay, London, The Hakluyt Society, 1910
  • Lockhart, J., Translator and Editor, We People Here: Nahuatl Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico, University of California Press, 1993
  • Prescott, W. H., History of the Conquest of Mexico, General Books, 2012, reproduction of original 1843 text
  • Thomas, H., Conquest: Montezuma, Cortés and the Fall of Old Mexico, Simon & Schuster, 2005
  • Wood, S. G., Transcending Conquest: Nahua Views of Spanish Colonial Mexico, University of Oklahoma Press, USA, 2003


Online Resources

In Search of History video about the Aztec Empire



Culture of the Aztecs

5 Suns video of an Aztec creation story


Poems by Hungry Coyote Netzahualcoyotl, a poet of ancient Mexico


Wikitongues: Hear Javier speaking in Nahuatl and Spanish


Play an interactive Mesoamerican ball game

Handbook to Aztec Life by Manuel Aguilar-Moreno (PDF, 73 KB)


Engineering and technology of the Aztecs

Engineering An Empire: The Aztecs - a History Channel documentary on the Aztecs’ engineering and architectural feats


Aztec Ingenuity - a video about the chinampas (garden beds) the Aztecs built


Background - Mexico

The history of México on Mexicolore

The Codices

Understanding the Aztec Codex (PDF, 810 KB) - Year 8 Social Studies lessons

Codex Boturini information from the Obsidian Mirror-Travels exhibition website at the Getty Research Institute, 

Introduction to the Florentine Codex by Miguel León-Portilla, a Mexican historian.

Selections from the Florentine Codex in General history of the things of New Spain at the Hathi Trust Digital Library


Colonisation of Mesoamerica by the Spanish

The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico by Miguel León-Portilla (PDF, 1.47 MB)

Video of historian David Carrasco discussing how the Aztecs saw the Spaniards