GLOSSARY


Citizenship

In 1948, the Nationality and Citizenship Act created the status of ‘Australian citizen’. Previously, Australians had been ‘British subjects’. Citizenship entitles individuals to vote, to stand for parliament, and to apply for an Australian passport. Citizenship also requires an oath or affirmation of allegiance to Australia, obedience to Australian laws, compulsory voting at federal and state elections, jury service and defence of Australia.
 


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