The Southern Toadlet, Pseudophryne semimarmorata, is a small, short limbed species, dark brown to olive green above with prominent black and white marbling on the belly and orange colouration on the throat and limbs. It grows to a length of about 35 mm.
Southern Toadlet: underside view
Photographer: Peter Robertson. Source: Wildlife Profiles Pty. Ltd.
Distribution and habitat
It occurs mainly to the north, east and south-east of Melbourne. It is found in forested areas, where it hides under fallen timber, rocks, etc.
The diet consists of small invertebrates. Females lay their gelatinous eggs in damp situations such as under bark or leaves, usually in shallow burrows guarded by the male. Tadpoles grow to a maximum length of 31 mm and take 3–7 months to develop.
Barker, J., Grigg, G. and Tyler, M. J. 1995. A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Sydney.
Cogger, H. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books, Sydney.
Hero, J. M., Littlejohn, M. & Marantelli, G. 1991. Frogwatch Field Guide to Victorian Frogs. Department of Conservation and Environment, East Melbourne.
Tyler, M. J. 1992. Encyclopaedia of Australian Animals: Frogs. Angus & Robertson, Sydney.