Blind Snakes, Ramphotyphlops spp., are small, non-venomous snakes and are rarely encountered. They are nocturnal and usually burrow through the soil, although they may be seen moving on the surface on warm humid nights. They are found in loamy soils, under rocks, in or under rotting logs or in ant or termite nests. All species lay eggs and feed primarily on ants and/or termites. Most are pink or grey in colour with extremely shiny scales. They are incapable of biting.
Ramphotyphlops australis is a very robust species, with 22 mid-body scale rows and an average length of 25 cm (maximum 46 cm). It is grey or purplish brown above, with a slightly paler head and has a pale yellow or pinkish-white belly. It is found in north-western Victoria and females lay 2-11 eggs per clutch.
Ramphotyphlops australisPhotographer: Peter Robertson / Source: Wildlife Profiles Pty Ltd
Ramphotyphlops proximus is another heavily-built species. It has a rounded head, 20 mid-body scale rows and has an average length of 50 cm (maximum 70 cm). It is a dark brown snake and occurs in north-central Victoria. Females lay up to 35 eggs per clutch.
Ramphotyphlops proximusPhotographer: Peter Robertson / Source: Wildlife Profiles Pty Ltd
Ramphotyphlops bituberculatus is a slender species with a distinctly trilobed head. It has 20 mid-body scale rows and an average length of 30 cm (maximum 45 cm). Unlike the other three species of blind snakes in Victoria, which are grey or black as adults, this species is pale brown. It occurs in north-western and north-central Victoria and females lay 2-9 eggs per clutch.
Ramphotyphlops bituberculatusPhotographer: Peter Robertson / Source: Wildlife Profiles Pty Ltd
Ramphotyphlops nigrescens has 22 mid-body scale rows and a total length of up to 75 cm. Its colour ranges from purplish pink-brown to almost black above and creamish pink below. It occurs throughout central and eastern Victoria.
Ramphotyphlops nigrescensPhotographer: Peter Robertson / Source: Wildlife Profiles Pty Ltd
Coventry, A. J. and Robertson, P. 1991. The Snakes of Victoria – A Guide to their Identification. Department of Conservation & Environment/Museum of Victoria.
Cogger, H. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed Books.
Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2003. Reptiles of Australia. Princeton University Press.
Thanks for your offer! The Discovery Centre can certainly pass on the images you took of a blind snake to our Herpetology Curator. You can send any images and information to the Discovery Centre via our Ask the Experts enquiry form.
Sappy, it is generally very difficult to "unearth" blind snakes, who like to remain underground; however, heavy rains will obviously disrupt all burrowing species in a certain area, for a time. And Selina, there are numerous blind snake species in the Northern Territory; in fact, blind snakes love tropical environments, and there is even a species known as the Darwin Blind Snake. Hope this helps!
Hi Jasmine, Ramphotyphlops australis is found in the drier parts of Southern Australia and so would be found in parts of South Australia. These snakes are not venomous and are nothing to worry about.
Blind snakes are found throughout Australia (except Tasmania). The are not venomous and no threat – the are burrowing snakes, so not commonly seen on the surface. However, it is most common to see them on the surface following rain.
Hi Suryo, so little is known about the biology of blind snakes. One possibility is that over winter large numbers of these snakes may rely on each other thermally to survive. The other possibility is that some snakes are known to form large breeding groups in Spring.
Hi Meaghan, our Curator of Herpetology has said that seems small for a blind snake egg. However, their eggs can vary significantly in size, depending on the size of the species (larger species lay larger eggs) – some of the very small species have quite small eggs but this still seems very small if it was only 3mm across. Is it possible that this might be an insect egg? Blind snakes eat insect eggs and larvae.
Sounds like your father handled it very well. Picking up with tongs & putting in a bucket to carry outside or even using a dust-pan broom to gently sweep it into a bucket is a good way of moving a blind snake without having to touch it while not harming it. A bucket is tall enough that a small blind snake will not be able to get up the sides. Very little is known about the biology of blind snakes, so to be honest I don't know how long they live for.
Where you find one you may find more - there is likely to be a healthy breeding population in the area. Blind snakes are wonderful creatures but are seen only rarely, though more often after rain.
Heidi; sorry we can't really help with this; 19th-floor Shanghai snakes are not something we have expertise on - you might want to contact a local natural history museum for more information, such as the Shanghai Natural History Museum at http://www.sstm.org.cn/kjg_Web/html/defaultsite/portal/index/index.htm
Hope this helps
The Discovery Centre can identify specimens and objects that relate to Museum Victoria's Collections and Research areas of Science, Indigenous Cultures and Australian History and Technology.
Before submitting your identification request, please read our guidelines for using our identification service.
Follow this link to our on-line form and scroll to the end to submit identification requests – there is a section where you can also upload photographs.
Blind snakes are protected in Victoria and they are not permitted to be kept by the general public. Many species of reptiles can be kept with permits, but not blind snakes. It’s also illegal to collect any reptiles from the wild without appropriate permits, and these are issued very judiciously. If you are in Victoria and has collected them from the wild, you need to contact the Department of Sustainability and Environment and/or return the snakes to where they were collected. If you live outside Victoria, please check the regulations with the local wildlife authorities. The diet of blind snakes is mostly ants or termites, but most species prefer the eggs of bullants.
Depending on where in Far North Queensland you are, the blind snake could be one of half a dozen species. A more accurate location could narrow it down, and a picture may help but it usually doesn't with blind snakes - you usually have to count the scales to be sure of the species. A useful tool is the Atlas of Living Australia website in which you can search by location. This will give you all the species recorded within 10km of your location.
Hi Yolanda - according to "The Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th Edition" by Harold Cogger, species of the genus Ramphotyphlops are all similar in appearance and vary externally in minor features such as scale pattern and arrangement, colour and relative proportions; the thickness doesn't appear to be used for a diagnostic characteristic of each species as it would probably vary between individuals due to factors such as age, if the individual was pregnant or had recently eaten, or other reasons. The only way to be certain of the species would involve observing and counting scales.
Hope this helps.
Yes, it is definitely a blind snake in the photo, and it is harmless.
It does sound like a blind snake from your description, but if you are concerned about both the safety of you and the snake then certainly contact the reptile park to make sure.
The blind snakes sound fascinating. Unfortunately we can't assist with any identifications without a good clear image of the snakes. All the best!
Firstly, blind snakes are notoriously difficult to identify and definitely can’t be accurately determined from photos. Mid-body scale row counts and facial scale arrangements are needed to ID them to species.
After a recent revision, all Australian blind snakes have been designated to the genus Anilos. Your snake would most likely be Anilos australis, a small robust species common in Perth area.
Although fossorial they have been known to climb to reach ant nests off the ground (they feed on ant larvae and eggs exclusively). If there is moisture in your gutters they may have been attracted for that reason.
Alternatively they could have been found by a bird and carried up there. They excrete a foul smell when harassed so the bird might have decided they’re not palatable. But this is unlikely given you found two of them. Interesting observation anyway.
Blind Snakes (Family Typhlopidae) are all non-venomous. The genera Ramphotyphlops and Typhlops occur naturally in the Philippines and feed on insects and other small invertebrates. Some species can grow to 90cm (3 feet) but most are less than 30cm (1 foot).
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