In high school, I bucked the normal Maths/Science stream by studying French instead of Biology (yeah, I’m a rebel). So I spent my evenings memorising the past imperfect conjugations of irregular verbs rather than Linnaean classification systems. Fast forward an undisclosed number of years and while I still haven’t been to France to wrestle with verbs that need more fibre in their diet, I have spent a lot of time in meetings talking about how Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species should be displayed in the Field Guide.
When animals are shown in the listing or the search results, you see the thumbnail on the left, common name in bold and scientific nomenclature subtitle.
Screenshot from the Field Guide
Source: Museum Victoria
The subtitle is created and formatted using the taxonomic data entered for the animal. Genus and species names are always displayed in italics. Of course, you may not need to have a species or genus name for a particular animal. A fresh water pond may have dozens of different examples of Copepoda, but your average explorer is unlikely to have a microscope handy to tease them into their different genera.
The logic for creating the subtitle starts with species and works its way back up the taxonomic ranks. In the sample listing, the Yabby has an entry for Genus and Species and the subtitle becomes the full scientific name (e.g. Cherax destructor). The Spiny Crayfish only has an entry for Genus, so Euastacus sp becomes the subtitle. The Cyclops Copepod doesn’t have an entry for Genus, so the subtitle is created using the lowest taxonomic rank there is an entry for, Order. With the value, Copepoda, and Order: Copepoda becomes the subtitle.
And that’s how the taxonomic information about an animal gets converted into its scientific name within the Field Guide code. If you’re wondering about the title of this post, it’s the start of a good mnemonic for the order of the Linnaean ranks: Keep Plucking Chickens Or Face Getting Sacked.