Spurred clubs like these, kiakavo, are often seen in contemporary images of dancers, probably referring to the normal weapon Fijians carried into battle as "foot-soldiers". The spurred head of kiakavo reminded early Westerners of the stock and lock of a musket, giving rise to the misleading name "gunstock club", a form long pre-dating Fijians' first sighting of muskets. Note also the presence of large war-fans, i-iri masei, made of fan-palm leaves. These were used to wave and slap to make a frightening display, and could also parry enemy arrows, which in Fiji were light and flimsy. Two men in the middle row wear warriors' boars' tusks, batini vuaka, and one wears a highly-prized large black-lipped pearl shell chestpiece, or civa.
Reg. Number: P 33.5 14, Fiji Museum
Fiji Museum photograph