Divided loyalties

Clubs and associations can keep people out as well as bring people in. The Catholic-Protestant divide that inflamed political and religious passions in Ireland and Britain, continued to simmer in streets, churches and meeting places in Victoria until the 1960s.

Ceremonial collars like those on display were worn by members of the Protestant Loyal Orange Institution and the Hibernian Australasian Catholic Benefit Society.

Phillip Moore’s ancestry is Irish Catholic and Cornish Protestant. He remembers the taunting of Catholics in the 1950s but his parents’ acceptance of people of both faiths. Learning about and promoting Irish-Australian heritage is central to Phillip’s identity.

Image sources: Phillip Moore, National Library of Australia, State Library of New South Wales, Ballarat Fine Art Gallery

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