Jacket - Burberry, Ernest Ellis, British Antarctic Expedition, 1907-1909
Burberry jacket worn by Ernest W. Ellis on on the British Antarctic Expedition, 1907- 1909, led by Ernest Shackleton. This is part of Museum Victoria's collection of artefacts from the 'Heroic Era' of exploration of Antarctica.
Educational Value Statement
This is a significant artefact from the Heroic Era, showing how early Antarctic expeditions sourced their clothing. Burberry was an important Lancashire textiles company that dominated the luxury end of the market after developing a technique for waterproofing individual fibres, thus allowing the woven fabric to retain breathability, in contrast to the earlier Macintosh rubberising technique that created a completely impermeable fabric. Burberry supplied clothing for a number of Antarctic expeditions including this one, Scott's and Amundsen's, as well as for expeditions to Everest and the British military.
The conditions of Antarctica mean that protective clothing is of particular importance. These conditions are of two main types: wet-cold and dry-cold. Wet-cold conditions prevail on sub-Antarctic islands, and around parts of the Antarctic coastline. In these conditions, staying dry is vital so outer layers, and especially footwear must be reasonably waterproof. On the Antarctic continent itself, conditions are generally dry-cold, with lower humidity and much lower temperatures. In these conditions adequate ventilation is crucial. Otherwise too much sweat builds up and freezes, creating a layer of ice on, or inside the clothing. Early Antarctic explorers adopted clothing that had used in Arctic exploration, or mountaineering expeditions. Much of this clothing was not well suited to the dry-cold conditions of Antarctica and proved to be too bulky, and not ventilated enough.
Established after World War II, the Australian Antarctic division initially sourced nearly all of its clothing from military surplus, from Australia, Britain and the USA. As experience with Antarctic conditions grew, clothing items began to be specifically designed by the Division, although footwear and handwear were particularly difficult items and continued to be purchased from military supplies for some time.
Today Australian Antarctic Division clothing is obtained from both off-the-shelf sources, as well as being manufactured to Antarctic Division specifications. Although new synthetic fibres have greatly changed the look and feel of much Antarctic clothing, many basic items have proved themselves of enduring value.
Length: 920.00 mm, Width: 1820.00 mm, Height: 3.00 mm
Fullname: Ernest Shackleton
Role: Expedition Leader
Clothing & Textiles
Science & Measurement
Date:1907-1909 (1907 - 1909)