This fearsome carnivore was the top predator in Australian until 45 000 years ago. Although a specialised carnivore, Thylacoleo was descended from herbivorous marsupials. It preyed on kangaroos and other animals and could bite clean through their limbs with its powerful jaws and shearing teeth.
This skeleton shows some features that made Thylacoleo a formidable predator. Forward-facing eyes, retractable claws and teeth capable of disabling prey earned it the nickname the ‘marsupial lion’.