Aboriginal uses of Rocks and Minerals

Ochres of different colours were used by Aboriginal people for decorating implements, for body art and are still used today in ceremonies. One of the most widely used ochres was red ochre, which was extensively used on the body.

Very sharp blades, known as Kimberly points were chipped from stone. Since European contact, glass and ceramics have also been used.

Grinding stones were used to process foods. Fine seeds were placed on a stone with a depression in it and a top stone was used to grind the seeds producing a flour.

Multipurpose tools such as the woomera were made with a combination of wood, resin and stone. The woomera was primarily used for throwing spears. In addition, a piece of quartzite glued into the handle with spinifex resin provided a blade for cutting meat and for chiselling wood.